Industrial Superabrasives are products manufactured using the world’s hardest materials: diamond or cubic boron nitride (CBN). Learn more
Honing Stick & Stone Specifications
Guide for Honing Stick & Stone Specifications
Abrasive File:Abrasive files are bonded abrasive blocks that are available in various shapes and used in hand-filing applications. They may also have an integral handle.
Bench Stone:Bench stones are designed for expert knife sharpening and woodworking tool care.
Water Stone:Water stone is a soft sharpening stone that is used with water. Water stones may require frequent resurfacing.
Honing Stick:Honing sticks or honing tools are used for finishing internal bores. Special honing tool configurations are available for honing cylindrical surfaces (OD) or other specialized shapes.
Rubbing Brick:Rubbing brick are natural or bonded abrasive products with a rectangular block or shaped stick configuration. Abrasive stones or sticks are used for sharpening or honing of edges, teeth or points of blades, drill bits, router bits or cutting tools.
Slip/Slip Stone:Slips or slip stones are sharpening stones that are used to hone the inner radius of a cutting tool, chisel, or gouge.
Specialty:Other specialty, proprietary, or patented abrasives or abrasive products.
Natural Diamond:Natural diamond, also called diamond, which is known as women’s decoration in ancient times. Actually, it refers to some crude material taking its shape through series of chemical reaction, such as in the volcano, where the molecular structure of the carbon element turned into a more stable one under high temperature and high pressure. In natural diamond, the most common form of diamond crystals is octahedral, while a dodecahedron diamond is rare, cube more rare. In addition, there are many other shapes of convex octahedron, convex dodecahedron, convex hexahedron and their combination. Due to crustal movement, and the impact from the nature, surface crystal is more than the plane ones. On the surface of natural diamond crystal there are some ladder-shaped or uneven reliefs, sometimes appearing with some triangle shaped holes on the octahedral crystal and deep dark lines on the dodecahedron diamond crystal. The formation and discovery of natural diamond are not easy, because it is a carbon’s transformation under such special conditions in the deep earth as high temperature and pressure after hundreds of millions of years.
Synthetic Diamond:Synthetic diamond is produced synthetically in a high temperature, high pressure process anvil press. Diamond is superabrasive grain with the highest known hardness and a cubic crystal structure. Diamond is used for grinding nonferrous metals, ceramics, glass, stone, and building materials. Diamond is not useful in grinding steel or ferrous alloys because carbon or diamond readily dissolves or reacts with iron. Diamond pastes are useful in ferrous polishing or lapping applications where heat and reactivity are not a factor. Diamond is susceptible to oxidation at higher temperatures (GS) For cutting, drilling and shaping tools in the construction, stone and extraction industries, switching from conventional hard materials to synthetic diamond delivers the single biggest opportunity to raise productivity. If you are a tool maker, the sales advantages of faster, cleaner cutting and longer tool life far outweigh the investment in synthetic diamond. For end-user customers, synthetic diamond transforms site productivity, cuts power consumption and drives down costs. (E6)
Coated Diamond:Metal-clad abrasives have a metal layer or coating. Some superabrasive products use metal-clad grains to dissipate heat or enhance bonding.
Cubic Boron Nitride:Cubic boron nitride, CBN for short, is a kind of artificial superhard materials with its hardness only second to diamond, and its natural form hasn’t been discovered at present. CBN not only shares many good properties with diamond, but possesses a higher thermal stability and chemical inertness to iron metals and alloys. As engineering materials, it has been widely used in ferrous metal and alloy material processing industry. At the same time, it also enjoys a broad application in high-tech fields for its outstanding thermal, electrical, optical and acoustic performance, becoming functional materials of great prospects. Due to its excellent chemical and physical properties, such as high hardness, high heat stability and chemical inert only second to diamond. As superhard abrasive enjoying widespread applications in different industries and great appreciation in the industrialized countries, CBN has now become the indispensable materials in the automotive, aerospace, machinery and electronics, microelectronics. Synthesis of CBN can be achieved through a variety of ways, apart from static pressure catalytic method, such as static high pressure process directly, dynamic impact, and vapor deposition method which develops quickly. But so far the main method of the industrial synthesis of CBN is through static high pressure catalytic method, and the research of synthesis of CBN has also become the focus.
Coated cBN:Metal-clad abrasives have a metal layer or coating. Some superabrasive products use metal-clad grains to dissipate heat or enhance bonding.
Combination:The combination of several abrasive grains together.
Specialty:Other specialty, proprietary or patented abrasive grain or material types.
Vitrified:Products have a vitrified or glass bond system between the abrasive grains.
Resin:Products have a resin or resinoid bond system between the abrasive grains.
Metal:Products have an electroplated or brazed metal bond system between the abrasive grains, or between the grains in a metal substrate.
Electro-plated:Products have an electro-plated bond system between the abrasive grains.
Specialty:Other specialty, proprietary or patented bond types.
Coarse / Metal Removal:Coarse-grit abrasive products are designed for heavy cutting or material removal applications.
Medium / Deburring:Products are designed for blending or removing parting lines, seams, or other significant surface imperfections. Typically, medium or medium fine-grit products are used for light cutting or intermediate material removal applications.
Fine / Stoning:Products are designed or suitable for fine-grit finishing and deburring applications.
Extra Fine / Superfinishing:Products are designed or suitable for precision surfacing applications such as polishing, honing or lapping.
Combination Grits:Different graded grits to mix together for certain applications.
Internal / Bores:Internal grinding applications use smaller diameter wheels or other abrasive products for grinding or finishing the surface on a part's inner diameter.
Flat Surfaces:Products are designed or suitable for flat surfaces grinding applications.
Shafts / Connecting Rods:Products are designed or suitable for shaft or connecting rods grinding applications.
Dresser / Dressing Tools:Diamond tools or dressers are single-point or multigrit products for dressing, truing, scribing, indenting, and tracing.
Specialty:Products are designed or suitable for other specialty, proprietary or patented applications.